The process in which electricity is converted into heating and then used for different applications is called Electric heating. Some of the popular uses of electrical heating include cooking, water heating, and space heating and different industrial processes.
An electronic device that performs the job of converting electric current into heat is called an electric heater. An electric heater has a heating element that is called electrical resistor. This heating element works on the principle of Joule heating, i.e. when the electric current passes through the resistor, it is converted into heat. This is the conversion of electrical energy into heat energy. Most of the modern day electric heaters make use of nichrome wire as a heating element.
Different types of Electric Heaters
One of the primary uses of electric heating is in space heating. It is used to warm a close area, such as the interiors of a building (house or office). There are different types of electrical heaters such as:
- Radiant heaters
- Convection heaters
- Fan heaters
- Storage heaters
- Underfloor heaters
Each of the above mentioned electric heaters works in a different way and are suitable for different places.
Advantages of Electric heating
- There are several advantages of using electric heating over its other counterparts, these are:
- They are easy to install and have a low upfront cost, especially when compared to gas furnaces. Their installation does not require any kind of disruption in the house.
- Electric units have a much longer lifespan when compared to other forms of heating.
Electric heaters need little or no maintenance. Even though it is important to keep them in a well-maintained condition, ignoring its maintenance will not be as harmful as it is in the case of gas furnaces or wood fireplaces.